Lean Forward With a Straight Back
Hinge at your hips and lean your torso slightly forward at roughly a 45-degree angle while keeping your back straight. Do this for reverse lunges, walking lunges, or Bulgarian split-squats.
At the bottom of each rep, the dumbbells should be on each side of your front foot instead of by your hips, which is where they'd be if you were performing this exercise in the normal manner with an upright torso. Here are two examples:
Leaning Reverse Lunge
Leaning Bulgarian Split Squat
Here's Why You Need to Lean
Leaning your torso forward increases the recruitment of the glutes and hamstrings. Doing this places less force on your knee joint and therefore demands less activation of the quadriceps. (If you're targeting the quads, then skip this variation. Include both torso positions in your lower-body training.)
Doing these exercises with a forward torso lean can be especially helpful to females since women are more quad-dominant than men, tend to have weaker hamstrings, and may be more prone to knee injury.
- Increase recruitment of the glute and hamstrings.
- More knee friendly.
- May help to reduce non-contact knee injury risk in females.