Gironda's 8x8 Training
The classic bodybuilding expression is that when it comes to building muscle and losing fat, you can't ride two horses with one ass.
That's why for typical non-competitive trainees, it's wise to just focus on one goal at a time, either building muscle or shedding fat. While not impossible to accomplish both ends simultaneously, most trainees simply don't have the genetics, experience, or dietary discipline to do so. For the vast majority, separating the goals into two separate blocks or phases is a more practical approach.
But there are exceptions. If you're an intermediate strength trainee with a decent level of conditioning, there's an effective, albeit painful way to achieve the Holy Grail of building muscle and losing fat.
Gironda's 8x8 Method
The late Vince Gironda, considered by many to be the first bodybuilding coach – and definitely the most eccentric – referred to 8 sets of 8 reps (or 8x8) as the "honest" workout.
An intense high-volume system designed strictly for cosmetic improvements, its "honesty" stems from the humbling weight used during the actual workout. Vince prescribed 8x8 primarily for pre-contest situations, and its brutal effectiveness is surprising considering its elegant simplicity.
How's it done? Like 10x10 or German Volume Training, choose 60 – 70 percent of your 1RM in a given lift (compound movements preferred), and perform 8 sets of 8 reps with a mere 30 seconds or less of rest. This method can be applied for up to four different movements per workout, although I'd recommend working up to that as the program can be a real shock to the body.
If you feel like a complete waste of life after the fifth set of a 10x10 German Volume workout, the 8x8 might have you emailing Dr. Kevorkian's successor to see if he does house calls. This is all about training volume – you won't be tapping into strength benefits because you're using the wrong energy systems. However, since your heart rate may be up near sprinting levels throughout the workout, you can achieve amazing metabolic ramping and fat loss benefits.
A Few Tricks of the Trade
The "rules" differ slightly when it comes to this training method. 8x8 is intended to deliver an awesome pump and improve conditioning. Some of Gironda's top bodybuilders with whom he used this method reportedly became so conditioned that they were cranking out 8x8's with 15 seconds rest between sets!
The ultimate goal is not only to work your way up to such a low rest interval, but to lift the most possible weight within such parameters. It would be wise to first choose a load 30-40 percent below your true 8RM and attempt to maintain that weight throughout the workout.
Be prepared to drop reps before lowering the weight, although if by workout's end you're doing sets of two, the weight you initially chose was just too heavy. Again, don't overwhelm yourself. Strive for simple week-to-week progression and you're golden.
Choice of exercises is usually based on the muscular and cardiorespiratory demands of the workout, but here's another instance in which the "rules" can be bent. This might be the only program I've used with intermediate clients in which single-joint and sometimes open-chain movements are very effective, although without the hormonal charge that the bigger lifts elicit.
For that reason, compound movements are still recommended, but be warned, the cardiovascular demands may become the limiting factor, so choose your loads wisely.
Here are the top exercises to use in a 8x8 workout.
|Pull-ups||Flat/Incline bench||Back squats||Seated DB shoulder press||Triceps pressdown|
|Lat pulldowns||Cable chest press||Leg extensions||Standing BB shoulder press||Close grip bench|
|Seated rows||DB bench press||Leg press||Push press||Floor press|
|T-bar rows||Blast strap push-ups||Hamstring curls||DB upright row||BB/DB/Zottman curls*|
|DB chest supported rows||Calf raises||Chest supported fly||Chin-ups|
* performed bilaterally, not one at a time
Alternatively, here are some exercises to avoid:
Deadlifts, bent-over rows, good mornings. These are great exercises, but not in an 8x8 workout. Mixing low rest with high training volume sounds like chaos for the erector spinae and QL, and a week of hobbling around the office like Quasimodo.
Front squats. As Charles Poliquin pointed out, the rhomboids tend to fatigue after about six reps in exercises like front squats in which they act as a stabilizer. Save the fronts for a higher intensity, lower volume phase.
Unilateral exercises. The one-limb-at-a-time thing allows for too much rest between arms and legs when you're constantly working one side at a time. And in this program, rest is the devil.
Don't Be an Idiot!
There's nothing wrong with implementing 8x8's into your routine while following your typical strength or bodybuilding routine. Fact is, depending on the cardiovascular demands of the exercise(s) you choose to try 8x8's with, I'd recommend 8 x 8's in your regular routine so that your body isn't giving you the middle finger salute by the week's end.
Here's an example:
Doing 8x8 back squats and leg presses in the same workout and then adding two more 8x8 exercises would probably be hell inside four walls. It would make more sense to stick with the squat (since you'll receive the most benefits from this) and then add leg extensions for another 8x8. To wrap it up, add two more movements like Romanian deadlifts and weighted hip thrusts for a more reasonable rep scheme like 4x12.
The take home point is to make it through weeks of this kind of training, you need to think before you start throwing exercises together. The more compound the movements you choose, the less total exercises you should use in the 8x8 style. So if you're a competing bodybuilder who isolates right down to the muscle, let alone muscle group, then stacking three or four different hamstrings or triceps 8x8's into the same day could theoretically work.
Vince Gironda recommended his bodybuilders train the same muscle every fourth day with around 15 sets per muscle group. This added up to the collective weekly volume necessary to promote growth. Since we're not all pro or even amateur bodybuilders and may not have the time to do this, I suggest training each group once a week and increasing the volume per workout by adding more sets of work.
Get Jacked Up!
To sum up, here are some guidelines:
- The goal is to maximize weight lifted and minimize time rested, meaning there should be an inversely related progression from week to week. The ultimate goal is to reach your original 8RM with under 30 seconds rest between rounds.
- Compound and single joint exercises both fly in this game.
- Important stabilizing muscles like the low back and rhomboids need to be accounted for in your exercise selections.
- Get in the zone. Your mind is often a limiting factor to the results of your workouts. This one takes much mental preparedness and alertness, not to mention a man-size dollop of testicular fortitude. Go hard or go home. Focus on your breathing, time your rest accurately, and lift with purpose.
For a man with more eccentricities than a Star Trek convention, Vince Gironda was light years ahead of his time when it came to building a better body. While simple on the surface, this "high volume of muscle contractions per minute" approach can shock even the most conditioned athlete into a compensatory burst of rock-solid hypertrophy gains.
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Lee Boyce is a sought-after strength coach based in Toronto, ON. His work for strength training, size training, and athletic conditioning has been featured in many major publications including Stack, Men's Fitness, and Men's Health. When he's not writing, he keeps busy doing media segments, giving lectures, and working with private clients for strength and performance. Lee was a varsity National level sprinter and long jumper while studying kinesiology in university. You can visit his website www.leeboycetraining.com to contact him and to view more of his work. Be sure to follow him on Twitter @coachleeboyce and Facebook.